Country farming as hobby. The farm, whether primary or secondary, is accompanied by the development of a swimming pool and garden facilities. Change of use. When the farm remains the place of residence of the farm, its owner (often a young farmer) can expand his home by restoring additional premises without use, especially if there are several farms on the farm. or when a new, larger and more functional agricultural shed was built. Winemakers who practice wine directly, more and more often develop tasting streams in farm buildings, especially in tourist areas.
Country farming versus mountain country farming. When a farm has lost its agricultural vocation, its occupation as primary or secondary residence depends on its location, in relation to cities and areas of employment. To provide farmers and residents with additional services, the development of part of the bed and breakfast houses or rural houses has been developing mainly since the 1980s. some farms turn into offices, hotels, restaurants, entertainment centers (riding clubs), especially when the places are of a certain nature.
A study conducted in collaboration with the monthly publication gives a first assessment of a phenomenon that avoids national statistics but is extremely common in a beautiful country. The study identifies the profiles, activities, motives, needs and socio-economic consequences of these “new” guardians of rural areas who are passionate about farming exclusively as a hobby.
The main results of the study will be presented on February 5, 2010, on occasion. Italy is not only a country of poets, saints and seafarers, but also farmers. Or at least presumably. A study conducted in collaboration with a monthly publication that has been accompanying those who passionately grow plants or raise animals in their free time for more than 25 years, actually seems to show how rural areas are increasingly affected by the presence of people who they decide to move and live in rural areas, also devoting himself to occupations typical of these places, primarily agriculture. This interest in agricultural activities by “non-experts” is gaining particular relevance today, while the economic crisis is forcing many people to rediscover the usefulness and convenience of products from their own gardens, gardens and livestock.
And it is with this trend in mind that we understand that the connection with nature in rural areas is more and more spreading, that we could define a hobby farmer (or amateur farmer), which is characterized by owning agricultural land cultivated over time for free, so how his main activity in terms of work (and time) is outside the agricultural sector itself.
A hobby farmer (or an amateur farmer), on the other hand, as follows from the responses of a sample of 4,000 respondents, mainly concerns subjects that cannot be classified as official agricultural employment, but full-time workers in other sectors of the economy (government employees ) doctors, specialists, managers of private companies, workers, etc.) or pensioners.
However, in the light of these changes, the average size of agricultural enterprises has not changed (remaining on 5 hectares of usable agricultural land), which is a clear sign of an unsuccessful land consolidation process. So where did these hectares of agricultural land go? In addition to possible and specific cases of abandonment, it is even impossible to imagine that these 1.8 million hectares were intended for concreting or development of urban and industrial areas.
So much so that another survey related to the European project, which relates to the provision of land use and land cover data based on the interpretation of satellite imagery, shows a reduction of these agricultural areas by only 143,000 ha over the same time period. In other words, this means that the agricultural territory, no longer discovered by the census, has not disappeared: it has only changed its owner, transferring from one farmer to another “foreign” subject of the primary sector.
The hobby farmer’s team is very diverse: employees, freelancers, self-employed workers, government employees, workers, retirees. Everyone shares a passion for growing and farming to get food for family or friends and to stay on the street to save on groceries or food consumption. more healthy and genuine. The most popular crops are vegetables, fruits, grapes and olives, and very often they are accompanied by transformation processes (jams and marmalade, jam, wine, oil) – apparently on a small scale – and in some cases even on small farms. The average size of the cultivated land is not insignificant and amounts to about 1.3 hectares (often including forest areas).