Mountain farm relaxation. Mountain farm vacation. Most of these isolated structures arose after the 16th century, when religious wars ceased and the Flemish communities left the walls, and times became safer. The fall of the ancient regime allowed many peasants to become landowners. To allow as many people as possible to collect land, the tracts were heavily populated with crops and pastures thanks to terraces (stone terraces) to protect the land from erosion.
However, in the most remote, stormy, and less fertile mountain areas where land work is particularly ungrateful, these farms have been abandoned since the mid-19th century, causing a massive rural exodus. in the development of cities with industrialization. The state of vitality and conservation depends mainly on the socio-economic dynamics of this place, as well as on the average indicators of the owners. Most lowland farmers are located in agricultural areas. In the most developed regions, and especially in the immediate vicinity of cities, there is steady economic pressure for the urbanization of agricultural land (infrastructure, residential complexes, areas of activity, etc.), as well as for development.
Offers in primary or secondary residences. Regardless of their location, an abandoned rural farm is rare, unlike field sheds that no longer work and are too small to move to housing in agricultural areas. according to city plans. Some lowland farmers are degraded due to lack of maintenance due to limited resources of their owners, who are often elderly farmers, or when they are employed by farm workers whose facilities are not the same. the main concern of the owners.
Improving the comfort of farmers when the farm remains an existing site, or creating a primary or secondary residence when the farm is separated from the farm and processed, is sometimes a difficult rehabilitation, which can lead to an architectural change. The most severe degradation occurred between the 1950s and 1980s. Since then, awareness of the architectural value of this rural heritage has become widespread among artisans and companies: restoration is dorénav ant more respectful of the original identity of the structures, although some damage is unfortunate, especially when replacing floors and joinery.
Volume: The volume does not undergo significant changes, except in some cases when the roof is partially evacuated to open parts of the floor on the terrace.
Facades: In the case of turning farmland into a dwelling or restoration of the original house, we are witnessing the creation of new openings that ignore the original composition of the facades. French windows in the living room, kitchen or bedroom, large horizontal windows along the kitchen sink. Rehabilitation often involves updating facades. If in the period from 1920 to 1940, coating with a tinted line of lightning was often accompanied by architectural processing in the Art Deco style, then in the period from 1950 to 1980 there were generally general recommendations. with white cement mortar, floating or plastered with a cy branch, which was accompanied by the complete disappearance of the original mold. Today we sometimes see a seam of plaster exposing a stone, regardless of the nature of the facade, especially when it consists of mixed masonry (stone molding and crushed stone), and in some cases masonry joints are replenished with a brittle mortar with masonry.
Existing farm style: polycultural agricultural exploitation (grapes, gardening): basements, cellars, sheds and stables on the lower level, two rooms and attics on the upper floors.
Project: conversion into a high-class secondary residence on an existing flight with partial modification of the floor level (for using the upper floor with a sufficient ceiling height): two living rooms, five bedrooms and an office, the entire facade is evenly treated with stone cladding; Joinery is replaced while maintaining the traditional style. Elevations in progress This project is funded by the program. The views expressed in this document do not necessarily reflect the position of or its member states. Under the influence of ocher fashion and color, the color of coatings sometimes diverges from the surrounding landscape, in contrast to traditional solutions prepared from local sand. Closing elements.